Interview with Betta Fish Expert Sunny Soleil

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Sunny Soleil, a seasoned betta fish keeper with over 10 years of experience, shares valuable insights on maintaining a healthy betta fish tank.

For beginners, she recommends cleaning the tank by siphoning out old water and replacing it with new water of the same type, pH, and temperature.

Sunny advises changing the water in a betta fish tank once a week for tanks between 2.5-10 gallons, twice a week for tanks less than 2.5 gallons, and every two weeks for tanks greater than 10 gallons.

She emphasizes the importance of monitoring water parameters like pH, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate to ensure the fish’s well-being.

When it comes to going on vacation, Sunny suggests having someone feed the betta fish once or twice a week if away for more than a week. Bettas can go about 7 days without food, but it’s crucial not to overfeed upon return to avoid digestive issues.

To prevent bettas from jumping out of the tank, Sunny highlights the need to address stressors like loud noises, flies, or poor water quality. She also recommends offering a variety of foods, including frozen or live options like brine shrimp, blood worms, and black worms for optimal nutrition.

Here’s the gist of the interview. Later in the article, I’ve included the exact Q/A with Sunny Soleil.

Summary of the interview

Cleaning and Maintaining a Betta Fish Tank

The key to a healthy betta fish tank lies in its maintenance. For beginners, the easiest way to keep the tank clean is by siphoning out old water and replacing it with new water that matches the original in type, pH, and temperature. This simple method ensures that your betta fish continues to thrive in a stable environment.

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Water Change Frequency and Amount

How often and how much water you should change depends on the size of your tank:

  • For 2.5 to 10-gallon tanks: Change the water once a week.
  • For tanks smaller than 2.5 gallons: Change the water twice per week.
  • For tanks larger than 10 gallons: Change the water every two weeks.

For tanks that are new and lack nitrifying bacteria, water changes should be based on ammonia and nitrite levels, aiming to keep them no higher than .25 ppm. Replace water if nitrate levels exceed 20-40 ppm. Always measure the pH, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate levels of your water source to maintain a safe and stable environment for your betta.

Going on Vacation

Betta fish can survive for about 7 days without food, making short vacations possible without requiring a pet sitter. However, for trips longer than a week, it’s best to have someone feed your betta once or twice per week. Ensure they provide only the usual daily food amount to avoid digestive issues.

Preventing Bettas from Jumping Out of the Tank

Bettas are known to jump out of their tanks for various reasons, including being startled, chasing insects, or trying to escape poor water conditions. To prevent this, ensure your tank has a lid or cover, maintain optimal water temperature, and regularly test the water for ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate levels.

Feeding Your Betta Fish

While commercial food can be a part of your betta’s diet, they thrive on variety. Incorporating frozen or live foods such as brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, cyclops, mosquito larvae, blood worms, and black worms will not only satisfy their nutritional needs but will also keep them engaged and active.

Interview With Sunny Soleil

Q1. For beginner betta keepers, what is the easiest way to clean and maintain a betta fish tank?

Siphon out old water and replace it with new water. New water should be of same type, pH, and temp as old water.

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Q2. How many times should you change the water in a betta fish tank? How much? Is there anything a beginner needs to look out for?

Once a week if tank is 2.5-10 gallons. Twice per week if less than 2.5 gallons. Every two weeks if great than 10 gallons. For best practice to keep fish safe, if tank is new with no nitrifying bacteria (i.e. beneficial bacteria), water change is based on measuring ammonia and nitrite with the amount to change being whatever it takes to have no more than .25 ppm for each.

Water should be replaced if nitrate is above 20-40 ppm. It is important to measure pH, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate of water source being used to have a baseline. Some water source is ammonia or nitrate presence. pH is important as acclimating new fish to drastically different pH is essential to prevent shock/death.

Q3. Can you go on a vacation if you have a betta fish at home? How long can the fish go without food?

Healthy bettas can go about 7 days without food. It is best to ask someone to give bettas some food once or twice per week while away for more than one week.

The amount of food should be the same amount for only one day – refrain from giving extra food to make up for the non-feeding days so as to not cause digestive issues.

Q4. Why do betta fish jump out of tank? How to prevent that?

Bettas jump for various reasons. They can jump when they are startled due to loud noise or bump on their tanks. They can jump when they see flies/gnats. They can also jump to escape too hot tank water or when water is high in ammonia, nitrite, or nitrate.

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Q5. Should you only feed betta fish commercial food? If not, what are some other ideal and choices for betta fish food?

Bettas do much better with a variety of food, especially frozen or live food which includes: brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, cyclops, mosquito larvae, blood worms, and black worms.

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Muntaseer Rahman

About Author

Hello, I’m Muntaseer Rahman, the owner of I’m passionate about aquarium pets like shrimps, snails, crabs, and crayfish. I’ve created this website to share my expertise and help you provide better care for these amazing pets.


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